An organ as small as an eyelid performs an incredible job of protecting one of the most important organs of your body – eyes. However, unless some problem arises, you hardly pay attention to your eyelids.
But you should take good care of your eyelids too because they can fall prey to various conditions which can be very troublesome to you. These conditions may cause eyelid:
- To droop
- To be inflamed
- To twitch
- To be paralysed
Here are a few such conditions you should be aware of and prevent.
An inflammation of eyelids is known as blepharitis. It’s caused by bacteria and oil that coat the edge of the eyelid at the base of the eyelashes. The condition can cause:
Often blepharitis can turn into a chalazion or stye. Blepharitis can be treated by using warm compresses, cleaning eyelids with a baby shampoo and damp washcloth and applying antibiotic cream.
This is a lump on the eyelid that appears because of obstruction and inflammation of an oil gland. Some chalazions need no treatment, but a hot compress can speed up their healing.
Sometimes you may have to take medications or even undergo a surgery to remove it. If a chalazion reoccurs at the same spot, you must see your doctor to rule out the possibility of a cancerous growth.
A hordeolum or stye is a sensitive, red bump appearing on the edge of the eyelid. It is caused by a bacterial infection of a hair follicle, oil gland or sweat gland. It often needs no treatment and recedes over time.
While it is present, you can apply moist warm compresses several times in a day to heal it faster. If it doesn’t recede within a couple of weeks, you may have to take antibiotics.
This is an abnormal, involuntary spasm of the eyelid muscle. It can occur in the form of repetitive twitching, blinking or fluttering.
It’s not the same as non-pathological fluttering of an eyelid, which doesn’t have an effect on your remaining face.
It can happen to anyone, particularly if there is stress or lack of sleep. It is of two types:
Benign Essential Blepharospasm (BEB): BEB appears on both sides of the face. It’s a type of dystonia, a disorder causing involuntary muscle contractions because of a fault in basal ganglia.
HemifacialBlepharospasm: This type of blepharospasm appears only on one side of the face and the cause is typically irritation of nerves in the face. Tumours may also be a cause. If you experience facial spasms on one side of your face, you must do a brain MRI.
Ptosis or blepharoptosis is the drooping of the upper eyelid. If the drooping it excessive, the eyelid can block your pupil, resulting in partial blindness. You can consult with Dr Naveen Somia for a droopy eyelid fix. Ptosis can be caused by various reasons, including:
Congenital ptosis can be caused by developmental problems in levator, the muscle that lifts the upper eyelid. This condition may be present since birth and often affects only one eye.
Your child’s doctor will advise you to get surgery done to rectify ptosis to clear the vision. Or else, the child may have permanent laze eye and vision loss.
Non-congenital ptosis usually results from aging.
This is a rare disease that leads to progressive weakening of muscles in the face and rest of the body. Immediate attention should be given to this condition.
6. Ectropian and Entropian
These are conditions of lower eyelids. If the eyelid is turned outward it’s called ectropian and if it’s turned inward it’s called entropian. To rectify both of them, often surgery is necessary. You can have the best lower eyelid surgery Sydney from Dr Naveen Somia.
There are many such conditions that can affect eyelids. You can prevent them with proper hygiene, washing eyelids with warm water and baby shampoo, washing hands, controlling dandruff, wearing hypoallergenic makeup and so on.